Use of the Pleth Variability Index to Assess Fluid Responsiveness

Assessing fluid responsiveness is critical to evaluating whether patients are responding to fluid loading, itself key to resuscitating hemodynamically unstable patients. Specifically, fluid responsiveness is defined as a 10-15% increase in stroke volume after receiving 500 ml of crystalloid over…

Continue Reading Use of the Pleth Variability Index to Assess Fluid Responsiveness

Post-Anesthesia Monitoring

General anesthesia has allowed for great advancements in the surgical field. It is typically used in lengthy procedures or procedures that cause heavy blood loss or affect the patient’s airway or breathing [4]. The goal is for the surgical…

Continue Reading Post-Anesthesia Monitoring

Postoperative Pulmonary Complications after Administration of Sugammadex vs. Neostigmine for Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade

Neuromuscular blockades are agents commonly used during surgical operations where muscular contraction may compromise the efficacy of the procedure. The molecular configuration of neuromuscular blockades mimics acetylcholine. Through post-synaptic binding…

Continue Reading Postoperative Pulmonary Complications after Administration of Sugammadex vs. Neostigmine for Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade

The Role of the ICD-10 in Epidemiology

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management, and clinical purposes.1 Published by the World Health Organization (WHO), it is used worldwide to analyze…

Continue Reading The Role of the ICD-10 in Epidemiology

Vaccines vs. Antibody Therapy

The United States is currently locked in an intense race between scientists developing treatments for SARS-CoV-2 versus the rise of COVID-19 outbreaks across the United States. The pandemic represents a significant threat to the…

Continue Reading Vaccines vs. Antibody Therapy

Perioperative Management of Pacemakers and ICDs

More than three million people in the United States have a conventional pacemaker and more than 300,000 have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) with pacing capabilities (1). Pacemakers and ICDs are becoming more common as technology…

Continue Reading Perioperative Management of Pacemakers and ICDs

Social Media Pitfalls in Healthcare

Health care practitioners are held to the highest standards of excellence, trusted by the community to provide quality treatment and care to patients. With the increasing popularity of social media,…

Continue Reading Social Media Pitfalls in Healthcare
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Two surgical lamps in operation room. Blue cast light represent purity and clinical mood. Useful file for your hospital brochure, medical article and other purpose.

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is now performed on 1,000,000 patients per year world-wide with 100,000 of those in the United States [6]. ECT is an effective therapeutic modality for severe and treatment-resistant depression, psychosis, bipolar disorder, and…

Continue Reading Electroconvulsive Therapy
Anesthesia for Trauma Patient
Monitoring patient's vital sign in operating room. Cardiogram monitor during surgery in operation room.

Anesthesia for Trauma Patient

Traumatic injury refers to physical injuries of sudden onset and severity that require immediate medical attention.1 The trauma patient may have systemic shock and necessitate resuscitation or limb-saving interventions.1 Traumatic…

Continue Reading Anesthesia for Trauma Patient
Bioengineering and Anesthesia
Two female surgeons looking at computer monitor, other surgeons working in operating room.

Bioengineering and Anesthesia

Bioengineering is the application of modern technology to the biological and medical disciplines. An important subset of the discipline that has had a large impact on anesthesiology in particular is…

Continue Reading Bioengineering and Anesthesia